Knee Joint Rehabilitation: Lower Limb Passive Exercise Splint.

Rehabilitation of the knee joint is essential after injury, surgery or in the course of osteoarthritis. In the process of full recovery, it is important to use a variety of methods and tools to support the patient at each stage of treatment. One of the key elements of effective rehabilitation is the use of splints for passive lower extremity exercises. This article takes a closer look at the role of this tool in the treatment and rehabilitation of the knee joint.

What Is a Passive Exercise Rail?

A passive exercise splint, also known as a Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) apparatus, is a rehabilitation device designed to assist patients in regaining range of motion in their joints, especially after surgery or injury. This device makes it possible to perform passive exercises, i.e. exercises in which movement is performed without the active participation of the patient’s muscles.

How does the CPM bus work?

The CPM splint works by gently, slowly moving the patient’s lower limb through a controlled range of motion. This device allows for a gradual increase in range of motion, which is key to avoiding joint adhesions and contractures. This allows the patient to gradually return to full function, minimizing the risk of complications.

Benefits of Using CPM Bus

The use of a CPM splint in knee rehabilitation offers many benefits, including:

  • Improving range of motion: Regular use of the device allows for a gradual increase in range of motion, which is crucial in the initial phase of rehabilitation.
  • Reducing pain: Passive exercises can help reduce pain by gently stretching and moving the joint.
  • Accelerating healing: Motor stimulation aids the healing process by improving circulation and preventing stasis.
  • Minimizing the risk of complications: Regular use of the splint helps avoid contractures and adhesions that can occur after long-term real estate.

Indications and Contraindications

The CPM splint is especially recommended for patients after ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction surgery, knee arthroscopy, as well as for the treatment of injuries and osteoarthritis. Contraindications to its use may include certain skin conditions, infections at the site of application of the device, as well as certain bone and joint injuries in which total immobility is required.

The lower limb passive exercise splint is a valuable tool in knee rehabilitation, offering patients the chance for a faster and safer recovery. With its ability to passively mobilize the joint, the device helps improve range of motion, reduce

pain and speed up the healing process, while minimizing the risk of complications associated with prolonged immobility. The use of a CPM splint is part of a comprehensive rehabilitation plan, which should be tailored to the patient’s individual needs and capabilities, and its effectiveness increases when combined with other treatment methods, such as physiotherapy, manual therapy and active exercises.

Integration of the CPM Rail into a Rehabilitation Plan.

To maximize the potential of the CPM splint, it must be properly integrated into the rehabilitation plan. It is important to start using the device as soon as possible after an operation or injury, after consulting with the treating physician, of course. The frequency and duration of sessions depend on the individual patient’s condition, but it is usually recommended to use the device several times a day for 20 to 30 minutes, gradually increasing the duration of the session.

Cooperation with the Rehabilitation Team

The effectiveness of rehabilitation using the CPM splint significantly depends on close cooperation between the patient and the rehabilitation team. Physiotherapists and doctors are able to adjust the device’s parameters to the patient’s needs, monitor progress and modify the treatment plan according to the observed effects. Communication between the patient and specialists is key to achieving optimal rehabilitation results.

Patient Education

Equally important is patient education about the benefits of using a CPM splint and the potential risks. Understanding the mechanism of the device, proper application techniques and the importance of regularity in carrying out passive exercises can significantly affect the patient’s motivation and involvement in the treatment process.

In conclusion

The lower limb passive exercise splint is a state-of-the-art tool for knee rehabilitation, which, combined with the knowledge and experience of the medical team, can bring significant benefits to patients. Improving mobility, reducing pain and speeding up the healing process are just some of the benefits offered by using this device. It is worth remembering that the success of rehabilitation depends not only on advanced technologies, but also on the commitment, patience and determination of the patient, ready to actively participate in the treatment process.

English Polish Ukrainian